The use of laser in cosmetology has made a real revolution in the field of non-surgical rejuvenation. The painful periods of rehabilitation after plastic surgery have long been forgotten, Botox injections, which turn the face into an immobile mask, are a thing of the past. Women have the opportunity to preserve their youth with the help of non-invasive and painless procedures. Beauty still requires sacrifices, but this time they will be purely financial.
What is laser rejuvenation
The skin of the face is perhaps the most vulnerable place for the adverse effects of the environment. Atmospheric factors, poor ecology of big cities, poor-quality food are external "destroyers". Moreover, the human face is not a theatrical mask, it "lives". A person talks, eats, laughs, cries, grieves and generally lives with emotions. This cannot but affect the skin: it becomes covered with mimic wrinkles.
Age-related changes are manifested in a gradual loss of elasticity and the ability to self-repair: the contour of the face is blurred, the eyelids sag, nasolabial folds are formed, the corners of the mouth drop. An unsightly picture, isn't it? But it can be "rewritten" with laser rejuvenation. How does the "magic" ray work on aging skin?
In cosmetology, several types of lasers are used, and each of them does a certain job to correct age-related changes. In fact, this is a general or point effect on different layers of the skin. Laser rejuvenation technology uses its own wavelength, color spectrum and power for different purposes. The wave can be constant and impulsive.
As a result of selective heat exposure, precisely calibrated damage occurs in the tissues (laser coagulation). In response, the body triggers an intensive cellular repair mechanism. In fact, having lost old cells, in their place he "grows" young and healthy ones.
Exposure to the deep layers in the process of laser skin rejuvenation causes burns, in the place of which connective tissue grows from collagen fibers, which acts as a skeleton for the skin and restores its elasticity.
The effectiveness, advantages and disadvantages of laser rejuvenation
Laser rejuvenation has one indisputable advantage over other methods: the result is visible after the first procedure. And this is important, since it instills in a woman the confidence that she is going the right way. The rejuvenation course allows you to look 5-10 years younger.
The advantages of the method:
- replaces complex plastic surgery,
- activates the processes of self-renewal of the skin, while stimulating not only external rejuvenation, but also positive processes in the deep layers,
- minimal soreness,
- short recovery period.
There are fewer disadvantages than advantages, but they are:
- the rejuvenating effect lasts only a few years: from 3 to 5, depending on individual characteristics,
- the laser deals only with fine and medium wrinkles,
- procedures are expensive.
In cosmetology, laser rejuvenation is considered one of the safest methods of affecting the skin, practically without causing complications, provided it is performed correctly.
Types of laser rejuvenation
Cosmetology makes the most of the laser for rejuvenation and offers a wide variety of procedures. By and large, they are all divided according to the degree of impact into two categories:
- non-ablative, that is, not damaging the skin,
- ablative, damaging the skin.
There are types of procedures when the skin is only partially damaged.
The term "ablation" means the destruction of tissue by means of radiation, which occurs during laser resurfacing. This is the most painful procedure ever performed with a laser.
In the process of laser treatment of the skin, the surface layer is successively evaporated, leaving an open bleeding surface. The operation is performed under local anesthesia. As a result, the patient receives:
- complete restructuring of the upper layer of the skin,
- elimination of scars and scars,
- smoothing of wrinkles, partially even deep ones,
- face lifting.
Grinding is performed with erbium and carbon dioxide (CO2) lasers. It has significant disadvantages:
- risk of infection,
- possible pigmentation disorder.
Unlike grinding, damage during fractional thermolysis is not total. With the help of a laser pulse, microscopic incisions are made on the skin in strictly defined places. Only 15% of the treated surface is damaged. Erbium and carbon dioxide lasers are also used for thermolysis.
Fractional thermolysis does not leave bleeding wounds, but the effect of its application is not worse than that of resurfacing: it tightens sagging skin and evens out its relief. Thermolysis is used in patients with thin skin and for eyelid correction. Fraxel, as fractional thermolysis is also called, effectively removes age spots.
Another type of fractional exposure is photothermolysis, which cosmetologists call the "gold standard" of laser rejuvenation. DOT technology is a point effect with a beam that heats the skin up to 40 ° C. At the same time, changes occur in the tissues surrounding these points.
Photothermolysis is considered a complete replacement for blepharoplasty: a safe and effective eyelid lift occurs.
Deep Laser Thermolifting IPL
The laser, along with other hardware techniques, is successfully used for deep facelift. The beam penetrates into the deep layers of the skin and heats up the tissues at a given power. Their controlled damage triggers a reaction in the form of increased collagen and elastin production. Outwardly, this manifests itself in the form of tightened skin and clear facial contours.
Thermolifting is used for:
- cheekbones, cheeks and chin lifts,
- elimination of puffiness under the eyes (at the same time removes dark circles),
- alignment of the nasolacrimal groove and the fight against fine wrinkles around the eyes,
- smoothing of nasolabial folds.
Thermolifting refers to non-ablative methods of exposure.
3D rejuvenation is a modern method of laser exposure, which includes three stages:
- The beautician corrects all visible defects: scars, pigmentation, enlarged pores, circles around the eyes.
- Thermolifting of problem areas is carried out.
- The skin is smoothed using gentle laser resurfacing.
To achieve the desired effect, one course of 3D rejuvenation is usually sufficient.
4D rejuvenation is a laser procedure that is performed on a special FOTONA device, which includes erbium and neodymium lasers. Their combination provides an effect both on the surface and on the deep layers of the skin. 4D rejuvenation is a patented technology and includes 4 stages:
- SmothLiftin is an effect on the inner part of the cheeks through the oral cavity. As a result, they are tightened due to remodeling of collagen fibers, healing of internal wounds, and correction of the face contour. The effect is similar to filler injections, but lasts longer.
- FRAC3 - treatment of the surface of the face in order to eliminate visible defects: pigmentation and scars. Result: smoothing the relief and color of the skin, increasing tone, eliminating vascular networks.
- PIANO - deep effect of heat to stimulate metabolic processes in the skin. In fact, this is deep laser thermal lifting.
- SupErFicia is a finishing treatment that gives the skin a final smoothness, matte finish and tightens pores.
All four stages are carried out in one session and take about one and a half hours. The method is used in a wide age range: from 27 to 67 years.
Laser carbon peeling
Carbon peeling using a laser is one of the most gentle procedures of its kind. Its task is to cleanse the face of dead skin and start the process of cell regeneration. It combines the action of a laser beam and a special carbon gel that is applied to the face. How peeling works:
- Carbon nanogel sticks together dead scales, removing excess fat from the skin and sebaceous plugs clogged in the pores,
- A short laser flash vaporizes the gel, breaking it down into two components: CO2 and water. At this moment, the pores of the skin are freed from their contents, "throwing" all the "dirt" to the surface. The process can be compared to a microexplosion.
- Further action of the laser, due to which the synthesis of collagen is stimulated, occurs on the deeper layers of the skin.
Carbonic gel also has an antibacterial effect on the skin. It prevents the development of infections and kills existing pathogenic microorganisms. In addition, it restores the water and acid-base balance of the skin.
Biorevitalization is a term well known to the regulars of beauty salons. It usually involves injecting hyaluronic acid into the skin. The laser version of this procedure is also effective, but less painful and belongs to non-invasive methods of rejuvenation.
Hyaluronic acid is a substance that our skin begins to sorely lack after 30 years. In many ways, skin aging is due to its low content in the body. Creams with hyaluronic acid have a temporary effect that lasts only during the period of using the cosmetic product.
Laser biorevitalization allows hyaluronic acid molecules to penetrate into the deep layers of the skin, attract and retain moisture in it, while stimulating the synthesis of collagen and elastin. Gel for biorevitalization, in addition to the acid itself, contains a substance that suppresses the activity of an enzyme that destroys it when it enters the body.
During the procedure, a gel with low molecular weight hyaluronic acid is applied to the skin, which is then processed with a laser with a special nozzle. Effect of the procedure:
- the skin is hydrated and firmer,
- fine wrinkles are smoothed,
- the contour of the face is tightened,
- reduced puffiness and pigmentation under the eyes,
- the skin tone is evened out.
Laser biorevitalization is used to prepare the skin for more serious cosmetic procedures: chemical peels, plastic surgeries, and so on.
Indications and contraindications
Laser rejuvenation is indicated for anyone who starts to fade or has significant skin defects:
- wrinkles of different origins,
- dull complexion
- gravitational ptosis,
- blurred oval of the face,
- cicatricial skin defects,
- impaired pigmentation
- puffiness under the eyes.
Some laser treatments can even be performed on adolescents to eliminate the effects of acne. In general, the aging mechanism in humans starts at about 25 years of age. But for everyone, it proceeds at its own speed, due to many factors.
Today, cosmetologists urge, when deciding on the use of laser rejuvenation, to focus not so much on age, but on the condition and needs of your skin.
Like any external effect on the body, laser rejuvenation has a number of contraindications. They can be absolute and temporary. Medical contraindications are absolute:
- tumor processes,
- skin diseases
- blood diseases,
- infectious and viral diseases,
- psychical deviations,
- diseases of the heart and blood vessels.
Temporary contraindications include:
- the presence of herpetic eruptions in the affected area,
- pregnancy and breastfeeding,
- fresh tan,
- a recent chemical peel.
Preparation for the procedure and skin care after it
Special preparation for laser rejuvenation is not required, but nevertheless, cosmetologists give some advice, which should not be done 2-3 days before the procedure:
- apply makeup,
- do facial cleansing.
Usually, a session of fractional thermolysis (the most common type of laser rejuvenation) lasts about an hour. After its completion, a protective regenerating cream is applied to the face. Further, the patient receives a reminder for skin care during the rehabilitation period.
After the procedure, you will feel a burning sensation on the skin for 1–2 hours. Redness and swelling will go away in about 1-3 days.
Recommendations after laser rejuvenation:
- for early healing, it is recommended to use ointments with dexpanthenol and antibacterial components that will prevent infection,
- after the redness has passed, you can use creams with hyaluronic acid,
- regardless of the season, when going outside, you need to apply sunscreen on your face,
- it is better to postpone water activities in the form of a pool or sauna for a while, and you can wash and take a shower on the day of the procedure.
After a competently performed laser rejuvenation procedure, there are almost no negative consequences. If the swelling lasts longer than expected, it can be reduced by reducing fluid intake and using hyaluronic masks.
Itching and skin rash may indicate allergies or individual intolerance to the components of drugs or products used during the procedure. Such manifestations can also be observed in young people with vascular dystonia.
The consequences can be small scars or protruding vascular network. Nothing can be done with them, but over time they will become barely noticeable. The standard rehabilitation period is 14 days. If during this time the skin has not recovered, it can be helped with vitamins, diet and protection from sunlight.
As with any procedure of hardware cosmetology, laser rejuvenation should be approached carefully: taking into account contraindications and financial capabilities (the course of procedures can be quite expensive). Despite conflicting reviews, beauticians believe laser technology is the future of the beauty industry.